Aboriginal people make up approximately 13% of the population, compared with the national average of 3%. There are at least 16 current Aboriginal language groups identified.
There are many sites of cultural significance including:
- The Brewarrina Fish Traps
- Mt Grenfell
- Willandra Lakes World Heritage Area
- Lake Victoria
- Mt Hope and
- Mutawintji Historic Site.
Despite the effect of European arrival, Aboriginal people are passionate about maintaining connection to traditional country, recording and sharing knowledge and looking after the land that sustained its people for tens of thousands of years.
In addition, many Aboriginal people are successful primary producers.
An Aboriginal Reference Advisory Group is comprised of members representing the majority of Aboriginal language groups and communities with large Aboriginal populations. They formally coordinate the input of Aboriginal communities into activities in the western region.