As the cost of production increases farmers can only maintain their income by either increasing the size of their farm or by increasing their productivity.
This means adopting new technologies, implementing innovative practices or changing the types of crops grown. This requires skilled and well planned farm management.
Farm management includes, but is not limited to
- developing up farm plans and systems, managing weeds and chemicals on farm and the associated legal responsibilities,
- farm safety and the associated legal responsibilities,
- recycling of waste and waste water management,
- preparing properties for emergencies and natural disasters such as bushfire and flood.
How Local Land Services can help
Local Land Services is on hand to offer assistance and advice for many of the typical farm management tools and systems.
Some of these systems might include whole farm management plans, environmental management systems, organic farming systems, quality assurance systems in order to achieve a profitable and sustainable enterprise.
We work closely with organisations such as the Department of Primary Industries to provide up to date technical advice and support.
Training and courses
We are pivotal in the delivery of education programs such as the PROfarm range of short courses, including Lucerne management online, Farm planning, Introduction to property health, and Property management planning. They will coordinate local producer groups on timely and locally relevant topics.
Other training and courses may also be listed on this website under the Resources Hub tab.
Advice and assistance
Call 1300 795 299 to get in touch with a Local Land Services Officer.
Industry collaborators and resources
Rural industries research and development corporation (RIRDC)
RIRDC works with industry to invest in research and development for a more profitable, sustainable and dynamic rural sector.
NSW Department of Primary Industries
The Department of Primary Industries works to develop and sustain diverse, profitable food and fibre industries, and ensures best practice management of our natural resources.
Strategies to manage groundcover
Case study 1 - Ecosystems Management Understanding
The purpose of the Ecosystems Management Understanding (EMU) approach is to recognise natural patterns and processes in the landscape and work with them to promote the health and recovery of landscapes and habitats. It allows landholders to identify and analyse the constraints and opportunities that will make a real difference in managing arid lands effectively in an ecologically sustainable manner.
EMU works on developing on-ground solutions to achieving a sustainable pastoral enterprise. Landholders in the Western region have used EMU to restore areas which have suffered from degradation and erosion. Measures such as diversion banks, contour furrowing, water ponding and mesh filters can be used to rejuvenate landscapes.
- EMU case study
- stabilising active gully heads fact sheet
- managing outback floodplains fact sheet
- rehydrating dehydrated systems (short film)
- EMU website
Case study 2 - Using drought lots to manage groundcover
One method of managing groundcover in pastoral areas during dry times is the use of drought lots. This involves placing sheep in small yards or paddocks and feeding them a ration of grain and hay.
This allows landholders to maintain livestock numbers, whilst reducing damage to their pastures. It is vital to protect the landscape during dry times, as overgrazing will lead to reduced groundcover, wind erosion and a prolonged recovery period.
Case study 3 - Summer fallow management in cropping systems
The purpose of using a minimum tillage system in cropping enterprises is to maintain groundcover over the summer fallow period. This reduces the risk of wind erosion occurring, protecting valuable topsoil and improving landscape condition.
Minimum tillage works by leaving stubble from the previous crop standing over the summer period. Weed control is conducted by mostly chemical means or grazing. Minimum tillage will also reduce the evapotranspiration of soil water.
Case study 4 - Cover crop system
The purpose of using cover crops in cropping enterprises is to increase groundcover, soil organic matter and biodiversity. This reduces the risk of wind erosion occurring, whilst also providing an opportunity for the business to earn an income.
A cover crop can be sown as a mixture of species. The main aim of the cover crop is to grow a large amount of biomass to leave cover on the soil. Cover crops can be grazed, harvested or cut for hay, however the aim should be to leave as much cover remaining on the soil surface as possible.
For further information on any of the above, contact Land Services Officer, Tanisha Shields on 0447 642 131 or email.